Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy allows the physician to look into your entire large intestine, from the lowest part, the rectum, to the lower end of the small intestine. The procedure is used to detect polyps (pre-cancerous growths), colon cancer and other causes of rectal bleeding or abnormal bowel habits. A preparation process is required prior to the procedure to cleanse the colon.

During the procedure, you will lie on your left side on the examination table. You will be given a sedative to keep you comfortable and help you relax during the examination or anesthesia can be administered by a board certified anesthesiologist. The physician will insert a long, flexible lighted tube, called a colonoscope, into your rectum and guide it into your colon. The images are projected onto to a video screen. The scope also blows air into your colon to inflate the colon and give the physician a clearer view of the area.

If anything unusual is found, like a polyp (a potentially pre-cancerous growth), the physician can remove a piece of it or all of it using tiny instruments passed through the scope. That tissue is then sent to a lab for testing. If there is bleeding, the physician can pass special probes or inject special medicines through the scope to stop the bleeding.

The procedure takes 15 to 40 minutes. You will need to remain at the physician’s office for a short time after the procedure until the medication wears off.

Bleeding and perforation of the colon are possible complications of this procedure however, such complications are uncommon.

Gastrointestinal Associates of Rockland | 500 New Hempstead Rd. | New City, NY 10956
Louis D. May, M.D., Michael T. Kram, M.D., Sharon Molinas, M.D., Stephen Goodman, M.D., Winson Lo, M.D. Joshua Olstein, M.D.
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